The active ingredients you will find in commercial skincare products can also be found in many foods and ingredients you have at home. Here are what they do for your skin and how they are used in skincare products.
ALPHA HYDROXY ACIDS (AHA’S)
These are fruit acids naturally derived from fruit extracts. They slough off dead skin cells to reveal younger more youthful looking skin. As we age our skins renewal process slows down and these help to replace that process giving your skin a younger appearance.
Ingredients that contain vitamin A, C end E, green tea, copper, grapeseed, and kinetin help skin by neutralizing or scavenging free radicals which are molecules that destroy skin cells.
These work in a similar way as AHA’s but are less potent so therefore less irritating to skin. The most common and well known one is Salicylic acid which is used in acne treatments and dandruff shampoos.
Ingredients from a naturally derived source (usually plants) believed for centuries to have healing or regenerating powers for the skin. Examples are Aloe vera, ginkgo and ginseng.
This is a nutrient found in every cell of our body known to be a powerful wrinkle buster.
Most commonly used in aromatherapy to scent products but also as complimentary and healing or regenerating active ingredients in skin care products.
Found in moisturizers these ingredients help protect the skin by reinforcing the lower moisture barrier deep in the lower epidermis of the skin. Natural emollients include:
Apricot Kernel, Avocado, Borage Seed, Evening Primrose, Grape Seed, Hazel Nut, Hemp Seed, Kukui, Macadamia Nut, Mango Kernel Butter, Organic,, Rose Hip, Organic Sesame Seed, Organic Shea Butter, Organic Sunflower, Safflower, Sesame Seed, Shea Butter, Sunflower, Sweet Almond, Tea Tree, Wheat Germ Oils.
Ingredients that are low allergy producing ingredients in products.
Ingredients that soak up oil like cornstarch and witch hazel.
These are compounds that attract moisture from the air to the skin. Examples are hyaluronic acid, honey, glycerin, glucose & propylene glycol.
Delivery agents to help skin absorb ingredients deeper.
Products high in Vitamin A, for protection against free radicals and some (Retin A and Retinova) dramatically reduce skin damage from the suns rays.
Ingredients that don’t clog pores and encourage blackheads. The ingredients used in this book are all non-comedogenic.
ANTI FUNGALS AND ANTI BACTERIALS
Ingredients that combat bacteria and acne related problems. Essential oils like Rosemary, Neem, Tea Tree and others can be added to beauty products to fight bacterial problems.
Hydrosols are the “left over” by products of making essential oils. Hydrosols in themselves make great toners and have other properties that are very beneficial for skin.
INFUSIONS OR TEAS
Infusions are herbs or other parts of plants, fruits, skins and barks or teas. They make great toners with soothing, calming & many other properties that are very beneficial for skin. Often used in skincare or hair care recipes to compliment ingredient blends with invigorating, sweetening & other beneficial scents and aromas.
All of these ingredients can be found in every day foods and oils including nuts, seeds, oils, vegetables and fruits. When blended together in the right way you can make powerfully effective home made skin care products, masks, treatments and serums any day of the week in minutes.